Canine DNA Profiling Group

Canine DNA Profiling Group

The Canine DNA Profiling (CaDNAP) group was founded in 2003 as a collaborative research project. The core group consisted of the Institute of Legal Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck (GMI) and the German Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA). The Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen joined in 2008 and the Institute of Forensic Medicine Zurich, University of Zurich followed in 2015.
CaDNAP has been striving for harmonization of canine DNA analysis by developing (Eichmann et al 2004; Hellmann et al 2006) and validating a canine-specific STR panel according to standards defined by the ISFG (Berger et al 2014) as well as mitochondrial DNA analysis (Eichmann and Parson 2007). CaDNAP members were invited to contribute to the development of ISFG guidelines on non-human DNA analysis (Budowle et al 2005, Linacre et al 2011).
CaDNAP has used the dog as “boarding species” to non-human DNA typing, but performs research and development in other animals and plants as well. Although the focus is on companion animals, forensic casework additionally involves husbandry animals and wildlife species. CaDNAP’s expertise covers DNA profiling and mitotyping, the latter in a number of mammals, birds, reptiles, and fishes.
CaDNAP offers proficiency tests for canine DNA genotyping. Details about the current test 2022-2023 can be found at eh link and here: Zip file with all instructions. The proficiency test is organized by:
The group is open to new participants. Please contact CaDNAP by email to the secretary:
Cordula Berger
Muellerstrasse 44
6020 Innsbruck (Tyrol)
Further information about CaDNAP can be found at the group's homepage
Members of CaDNAP are also active in forensic genetic identification of individuals in other non-human animal species involving cats (Schury et al 2014), deer (Morf et al 2017) and other Canoidea. Animal species identification was performed by CADNAP members on species listed below.


African clawless otter, Antelope, Asian Elephant, Badger, Beaver, Beech marten, Billy goat, Brush-tailed porcupine, Camel, Cane rat, Cattle, Chamois, Chimpanzee, Donkey, Elk, Ferret/polecat, Fox, Goat, Gorilla, Hare, Hedgehog, Horse, Ibex, Lama Long-tailed monkey, Lynx, Mammut ivory, Minipig, Norway rat, Orangutan, Pangolin, Pig, Pine marten, Rabbit, Racoon, Racoondog, Red deer, Red river hog, Sheep, Squirrel, Tiger, Voles, Water buffalo, Wildboar, Wildcat, Wolf


Budgerigar, Chicken, Eagle owl, Emu, Golden eagle, Guineafowl, Hawk, Kestrel, Marsh harrier, Mountain cock, Pigeon, Quail, Turkey


Forest hinge-back tortoise, Snake


Rainbow trout, Wels catfish

List of references

B. Berger, J. Heinrich, H. Niederstätter, W. Hecht, N. Morf, A. Hellmann, Du. Rohleder, U. Schleenbecker, C. Berger, W. Parson, The CaDNAP Group, Forensic characterization and statistical considerations of the CaDNAP 13-STR panel in 1,184 domestic dogs from Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, Forensic Sci Int Genet. 42 (2019) 90–98.
B. Berger, C. Berger, J. Heinrich, H. Niederstätter, W. Hecht, A. Hellmann, U. Rohleder, U. Schleenbecker, N. Morf, A. Freire-Aradas, D. McNevin, C. Phillips, W. Parson, Dog breed affiliation with a forensically validated canine STR set, Forensic Sci Int Genet. 37 (2018) 126–134.
B. Berger, C. Berger, W. Hecht. A. Hellmann, U. Rohleder,U. Schleenbecker ,W. Parson, Validation of two canine STR multiplex-assays following the ISFG recommendations for non-human DNA analysis, Forensic Sci Int Genet. 8 (2014) 90–100
B. Budowle, P. Garofano, A. Hellmann, M. Ketchum, S. Kanthaswamy, W. Parson, W. van Haeringen, S. Fain, T. Broad, Recommendations for animal DNA forensic and identity testing, Int. J. Legal Med. 119 (5) (2005) 295–302.
C. Eichmann, B. Berger, W. Parson, A proposed nomenclature for 15 caninespecific polymorphic STR loci for forensic purposes, Int. J. Legal Med. 118 (5) (2004) 249–266.
C. Eichmann, W. Parson, Molecular characterization of the canine mitochondrial DNA control region for forensic applications, Int. J. Legal Med. 121 (5) (2007) 411–416.
A. Hellmann, U. Rohleder, C. Eichmann, I. Pfeiffer, W. Parson, U. Schleenbecker, A proposal for standardization in forensic canine DNA typing: allele nomenclature of six canine-specific STR loci, J. Forensic Sci. 51 (2006) 274–281.
A. Linacre, L. Gusmão, W. Hecht, A. Hellmann, W.R. Mayr, W. Parson, M. Prinz, P.M. Schneider, N. Morling, ISFG: recommendations regarding the use of nonhuman (animal) DNA in forensic genetic investigations, Forensic Sci. Int. Genet. 5 (2011) 501–505.
N. V. Morf, A. M. Kopps, A. Nater, N. Vasiljevic L. Webster, R. Ogden, A. Kratzer (2017) STRoe deer: a new multiplex PCR to genotype roe deer, developed according to the ISFG recommendations regarding the use of nonhuman DNA, Poster presentation 27th Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics, Seoul.
N. Schury, U. Schleenbecker, A. Hellmann, Forensic animal DNA typing: Allele nomenclature and standardization of 14 feline STR markers, Forensic Sci Int Genet. 12 (2014) 42-59.

Last modified 25 days and 16 hours ago by Prof. Dr. Walther Parson